3. SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH ON CORRUPTION

 

The majority of international business organisations, in making decisions on business development and investment directions, often perform analyses of the business environment in individual countries, during which the factor of corruption is singled out as one of the key factors influencing business conditions. Therefore, there are many various sociological and scientific researches/surveys conducted for measuring the level of corruption or its prevalence in a country, its influence on the society and business, as well as for assessing the anti-corruption measures implemented in both the public and private sectors, their effectiveness and cost-efficiency.

 

It is worth mentioning some of the more significant researches/surveys[33] which include:

  1. Corruption Perceptions Index by Transparency International[34];
  2. TRACE Matrix (Corruption Threat Assessment Index)[35];
  3. Eurobarometer Sociological Survey Businesses’ Attitudes Towards Corruption in the EU[36];
  4. International Business Attitudes to Corruption Survey 2015/2016 by Control Risk Company[37]
  5. The True Cost of Compliance 2011[38];
  6. The Lithuanian Map of Corruption 2014[39];
  7. Investor Confidence Index for Lithuania (ICIL)[40];
  8. Index of Economic Freedom[41];
  9. Doing Business rankings[42];
  10. Business Anti-Corruption Portal[43].

 

More comprehensive description of the above-mentioned surveys is provided in Annex 4 to the Handbook.


 
[33] The STT provides and summarizes information on sociological researches/surveys available on its website: http://www.stt.lt/lt/menu/tyrimai-ir-analizes/ 
[34] More information on the results are available on the website: https://www.transparency.org/cpi2015 
[35] The purpose of the Association founded in 2001 is to help companies, first of all, large international corporations, adhere to anti-corruption standards (the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 and OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions) and be able to make their commercial intermediaries do the same.
[36] The Survey results are available on the website:

http://ec.europa.eu/COMMFrontOffice/PublicOpinion/index.cfm/Survey/getSurveyDetail/instruments/FLASH/surveyKy/2084 
[37] The Survey results are available on the website: https://www.controlrisks.com/webcasts/studio/2015-GENERAL/corruption-report/corruption-survey-2015.pdf 
[38] The  Survey results are available on the website:

http://www.tripwire.com/tripwire/assets/File/ponemon/True_Cost_of_Compliance_Report.pdf 
[39] The Survey results are available on the website:

http://www.transparency.lt/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/korupcijoszemelapis20141.pdf 
[40] The Survey h results are available on the website: http://www.investorsforum.lt/lt/publikacijos 
[41] The Survey results are available on the website: http://www.heritage.org/index/country/lithuania 
[42] The Survey results are available on the website: http://www.doingbusiness.org/rankings 
[43] Website: http://www.business-anti-corruption.org/